Soil and water conservation practices and agricultural activities can change the soil surface morphology and thus affect erosion and nutrient losses. soil by reducing run-off and keeping the water where it falls, as much as possible. Results show significant effects of IM against control on crop yields, soil loss, surface runoff and moisture retention. The prevention of accelerated soil erosion (which is the reduction of the rate of soil loss to approximately the rate that would occur under natural conditions) relies on selecting appropriate strategies for soil conservation which in turn requires a thorough understanding of the process of erosion (Morgan, 1995). SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION: PRINCIPLE AND IMPORTANCE. This can be achieved by using contour cultivation, terrace farming, water spreading, chemical treatment or improved water storage system. Hence, many data are available. No-till, conservation tillage and other runoff control measures reduce N loss in surface runoff and eroded soil material. Slope hydrodynamic mechanisms and application conditions of these practices were also investigated. This study focused on the effects of several typical soil and water conservation practices and agricultural land, for the purpose of: (1) determining how these practices prevent erosion and nutrient loss and identifying the hydrodynamic mechanisms; and (2) determining the application conditions for different practices. Start saving by breaking a bad habit: Never let faucet water … Tree crops are mainly planted on sloped farmland, which can lead to soil erosion caused by runoff. This implies that integrating physical soil and water conservation practices with agronomic soil and water conservation practices are essential to increase both provisioning and regulating ecosystem services. Reducing phosphorus runoff: Researchers study which incentives prompt farmers to improve environment. The presented study investigated the hydrological responses of SWC measures implemented in two nested watersheds situated in the northwestern Ethiopian highland. Soil and water conservation are interrelated; methods that control and conserve water on hillsides also conserve the soil and control erosion. measures in reducing runoff and soil loss: establishment of a European database W. Maetens (1) ... Keywords: desertification, water erosion, runoff plot, soil and water conservation INTRODUCTION The use of SWCT as part of sustainable agricultural practices is an important tool in the ongoing struggle against land degradation and desertification. Soil and water conservation practices could change the hydraulic characteristics of slopes, decrease Re (Reynolds) and Fr (Froude) numbers, thereby decreasing runoff, sediment, TN and TP losses. Low probability runoff scenarios correspond to flatter land with good residue cover, while high runoff probability corresponds to steeper slopes with little residue cover. Effect of soil and water conservation measures on hydrological processes and sediment yield in the highlands of North-Western Ethiopia ... Nyssen et al., 2007). Management that protects the soil surface and reduces the probability of runoff is an effective means of soil erosion control. International Institute of Tropical Forestry, https://www.fs.fed.us/research/people/youyang, A century of precipitation trends in forest lands of the Lower Mississippi River Alluvial Valley, Application of Climate Assessment Tool (CAT) to estimate climate variability impacts on nutrient loading from local watersheds, Pond and Irrigation Model (PIM): a tool for simultaneously evaluating pond water availability and crop irrigation demand, Estimating impacts of land use on groundwater quality using trilinear analysis, Real-time estimation of TP load in a Mississippi Delta Stream using a dynamic data driven application system, Impacts of reforestation upon sediment load and water outflow in the Lower Yazoo River Watershed, Mississippi, A Potential Approach for Low Flow Selection in Water Resource Supply and Management, Assessment of surface water quality in the Big Sunflower River Watershed of Mississippi Delta using nonparametric analysis, Identify temporal trend of air temperature and its impact on forest stream flow in Lower Mississippi River Alluvial Valley using wavelet analysis, A simple approach to estimate daily loads of total, refractory, and labile organic carbon from their seasonal loads in a watershed, The Laws of Diminishing Yields in the Tropics, A wood-strand material for wind erosion control: effects on total sediment loss, PM, The Middle Sacramento River: Human Impacts on Physical and Ecological Processes Along a Meandering River, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources. 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