Second Edition (March 2014), pp.  53-54, 55-56, 60, 60-61, 61-62, 63-64, 65, 76. Retrieved 17 October 2015. Rhamnus californica 'Leatherleaf' (Leatherleaf Coffeeberry) - This selection of the California native Coffeeberry is an evergreen shrub that is more compact than the species but can still may grow to a large mound to 8 feet tall and wide though is more often seen to 5 to 6 feet. Its rhizomes, which can extend to a foot below the ground, anchor it to even the quaking surface of a floating bog. Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).  Species Reviews. The dark-green foliage is also desirable. 2020. in one-sided, spike-like clusters. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Leatherleaf viburnum is an evergreen shrub that can grow up to 10 to 15 feet high with a comparable spread. (Bulletin of the New York State Museum, Volume 6, Number 28, June 1899).  Retrieved 22 February 2017. Every piece is truly unique, and unlike regular leather, no animals are harmed in the process. Online Conservation Guide for Open Alpine Community. Ecological Communities of New York State. University of Michigan. The name is also sometimes applied to a stiff-leaved fern. The dark green shiny leaves are medium sized with deep veins running through them. Light green leaves turn a bright yellow color in autumn. Effective evergreen spreading groundcover. Retrieved 9 January 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2017. This plant is difficult to find in commercial nurseries. How to grow leather leaf fern in a pot. It appears to do best in boggy soils, but can also grow in alpine organic mats. This vigorous, coarsely textured evergreen shrub has an upright habit and 8-inch-long, lustrous, deeply veined oval leaves with dark blue-green surfaces and pale green undersides. Retrieved 10 April 2017. The name is also sometimes applied to a stiff-leaved fern. Online Conservation Guide for Red Maple-Tamarack Peat Swamp. (edges) are very finely toothedToothed: Leaves which have a saw-toothed edge.. Petals are often brightly colored or unusually shaped to attract pollinators. Noteworthy CharacteristicsSelf-seeds modestly, and by the third year, the mother plant may die back. Lawrence Newcomb. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Little Brown and Company, 1977), pp. Leatherleaf forms a small, mound-shaped shrub up to three feet high. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) is a native evergreen shrub which produces small, bell-shaped white flowers in spring. Online Conservation Guide for Dwarf Shrub Bog. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. The Leather leaf sedge is a dense clumping perennial comprised of striking orange-bronze colored blades that reach 2-3 ft. tall and have curly tips. They are somewhat leathery in appearance. Description. Spore grown. Leatherleaf Fern Rumohra adiantiformis, is a beautiful lacy groundcover with deep green evergreen fronds that is perfect for moist shady positions.Excellent as a cut foliage fern, this Australian native plant prefers a cool moist shaded spot and is ideal for a shady garden or pot. leatherleaf. 68, 124, Plate 5. The Choose a spot indoors that is well lit but away from direct sunlight. In a row, they effectively screen unsightly walls or fences. It is also seen on lake, pond, and stream shorelines. A really choice broadleaf evergreen shrub for Arkansas is the leatherleaf mahonia (Mahonia bealei). Leatherwood is an interesting, under-used native shrub with small yellow flowers in early spring before leaves emerge. Leather-leaf. The plant is a minor part of … and elongated oval or elliptical in shape. 2020. William K. Chapman and Alan E. Bessette. Trees and Shrubs of the Adirondacks: A Field Guide (North Country Books, 1990), p. 95. Erect when young, the grass-like leaves tend gradually to arch over time, curling gracefully towards their tips. Older leaves are brownish bronze above and yellowish beneath. Growing both as a terrestrial fern and an epiphytic fern, Rumohra adiantiformis spreads naturally by creeping rhizomes. A Guide to Wildlife Food Habits (New York: Dover Publications, 1951), pp. Leatherleaf mahonia is a unique plant that looks like it could come from a Dr. Seuss book. For that reason, it is recommended that the leaves be placed in a jar of cool water and left in a sunny position to make sun-tea. Retrieved 9 January 2020. Shrubs of Wisconsin. New York Natural Heritage Program. They are borne along arching, leafy shoots. It is an evergreen that spends most of the winter above the snow-line. Charles H. Peck. Plants of North Elba. Callophrys augustinus. It among those plants which usually require a high water table and very wet soil. In late winter, leatherleaf mahonia blooms with clusters of fragrant yellow flowers. Retrieved 9 January 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2020. The genus name (Chamaedaphne) comes from the Greek meaning "ground laurel." Eastern Region (Alfred A. Knopf, 2001), pp. Leatherleaf. Aphids are possible. Large, semi-evergreen shrub with thick, leathery foliage. Meiyin Wu and Dennis Kalma. Wetland Plants of the Adirondacks. 83-84. Leatherleaf viburnum is considered a large, rough textured, evergreen shrub, but in northern climates it will lose its leaves in late autumn and often suffers stem dieback in cold winters. The fruit is a small, dry capsule. Mallard; American Black Duck; Ring-necked Duck. 38-39. leatherleaf. Plant where it can be protected from winter winds. Cut foliage adds attractive texture to floral arrangements. Leatherleaf is one of several leathery leafed plants growing in swampy or boggy habitats. The striking color of this New Zealand Sedge makes it an outstanding addition to any sunny gardens. Ronald B. Davis. Online Conservation Guide for Alpine Sliding Fen. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). This colorful plant from New Zealand is well suited to containers and border plantings. Online Conservation Guide for Sedge Meadow. Retrieved 10 April 2017. Brown Elfin. Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench. Plant identification by their leaves. Wildlife Value of Leatherleaf. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. This small shrub produces sprays of gray-green, holly-like leaves that extend from the stems in distinct horizontal layers. Retrieved 9 January 2020. 108-109. United States Department of Agriculture. It forms large beds at the edges of swamps and boggy meadows. Leatherleaf usually blooms in the Adirondack region in late April or May, depending on the weather. This plant is difficult to find in commercial nurseries. They eventually turn brown, persisting through winter. New York Flora Association. New York Flora Atlas. Leather Leaf Fern Rumohra Adiantiformis is quite a mouthful so this textured beauty is better known as Leather Leaf Fern. Common names are from state and federal lists. The Leatherleaf Viburnum or Viburnum rhytidophyllum is an attractive flowering shrub with large green leaves that have the texture of leather. Online Conservation Guide for Pine Barrens Vernal Pond. Retrieved 9 January 2020. The Plants Database. With a rounded, upright growth habit, it grows at a medium fast rate. Wetland Status. Threatened. Threatened. The flowers, which often appear while snow is still on the ground, are small, white, and bell-shaped. The Book of Swamp and Bog: Trees, Shrubs, and Wildflowers of Eastern Freshwater Wetlands (Stackpole Books, 1995), pp. Leatherleaf can be found in the north-eastern part of the US, west to the Great Lakes states. Retrieved 3 January 2019. Retrieved 9 January 2020. Leaves are wrinkled, tomentose above and below The name is also sometimes applied to a stiff-leaved fern. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. About Leatherleaf Viburnum. Online Conservation Guide for Black Spruce-Tamarack Bog. University of Wisconsin. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Leatherleaf can also be found growing on the summits of Adirondack mountains in the High Peaks region, including Marcy, Algonquin, Wright, Iroquois, Coldin, Haystack, Basin, Saddleback, Gothics, Dix, and Whiteface. Retrieved 10 April 2017. Flora of North America. The leaves are alternately arranged on the branch and elliptical to oblong shaped, 1–4 cm long and 0.5-1.5 cm wide. New York Natural Heritage Program. Erect when young, the grass-like leaves tend gradually to arch over time, curling gracefully towards their tips. Leatherleaf, also called cassandra, (Chamaedaphne calyculata), evergreen shrub of the heath family (Ericaceae). Maryland. Leatherleaf, (Chamaedaphne calyculata), evergreen shrub of the heath family (Ericaceae). Light green leaves turn a bright yellow color in autumn. The striking color of this New Zealand Sedge makes it an outstanding addition to any sunny gardens. Because it is shade intolerant, Leatherleaf usually begins to thin as tall shrubs or bog forest species such as Tamarack or Black Spruce become established on the site. Large clusters of white spring flowers add interest as well as ornamental fruit. NatureServe Explorer. Plant Guide. This often makes the leaves appear to alternate on the stem. Wetland Status. CareGrow in fertile, moist or wet soil in sun or part shade. LEATHERLEAF FERN 75mm Pot. New York Natural Heritage Program. Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench. 292-293. Alexander C. Martin, Herbert S. Zim, and Arnold L. Nelson. Illinois. Leatherleaf viburnums are upright shrubs that are especially attractive in a shrub grouping or as a background planting for other flowering shrubs. However, some reports indicate that a toxin called andromedotoxin can be released from the plant if it is infused in boiling water. Online Conservation Guide for Inland Poor Fen. A very popular Sedge, Carex buchananii (Leatherleaf Sedge) is a tufted perennial grass with an evergreen foliage of narrow, copper-bronze leaves. It occurs in all counties within the Adirondack Park Blue Line. In late spring/early summer, when large clusters of electric blue grapes grace this plant, there is nothing more beautiful in the plant world. NRCS National Plant Data Center & the Biota of North America Program. 2020. Threatened. The foliage often turns red-brown winter. Our leaf leather gear is strong, durable, and water resistant. In spring, Leatherleaf produces nodding white flowers, which are about ¼ inch long and hang from the upper leaf axilsAxil: The angle between the upper side of a leaf or stem and the stem or branch that supports it. Common names are from state and federal lists. It has adapted to the cold winter and hot summer, but long, mild autumns do not suit it. The leaf stems are fuzzy brown. Leatherleaf plants on High Peaks summits in the Adirondacks flower much later, usually in mid-June. In alpine zones, the plant is much smaller, forming a miniature shrub. C. calyculata occurs in Arctic regions and in North America as far south as Georgia. The leaves are thick and leathery, dull green above with minute, silvery scales, and paler green or brownish beneath. It is present in most provinces of Canada. leatherleaf. In spring, fragrant creamy-white flowers bloom in clusters. Native American Indian tribes reportedly used Leatherleaf to treat some ailments. C. calyculata occurs in Arctic regions and in North America as far south as Georgia. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. 2020. Leatherleaf mahonia is a unique plant that looks like it could come from a Dr. Seuss book. The large clusters of fragrant white flowers are followed by … The stems are covered with tiny brownish scales.   Retrieved 10 April 2017. The puckered leaves grow on fuzzy twigs. Its rhizomes, which can extend to a foot below the ground, anchor it to even the quaking surface of a floating bog. 2020. Quick ID. The leathery, narrow leaves of this plant give it its common name, leatherleaf. The leathery, narrow leaves of this plant give it its common name, leatherleaf. Leatherleaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis) is a common green in floral arrangements because of its fine foliage, easy availability in all seasons, and long-lived lush look in a vase. This shrub prefers well-drained average to moist acidic soils. Keys to identifying Leatherleaf and differentiating it from other leathery-leafed plants growing in these habitats include leaf arrangement, shape, and color, as well as the color and arrangement of the flowers. Plants for a Future. 2020. Native to central and western China, the leatherleaf viburnum (Viburnum rhytidophyllum) becomes a large, coarsely textured evergreen shrub 10 to 15 feet tall and equally as wide. This plant is also known as Cassandra. Planting Leatherleaf Viburnum 40, 54, 142. Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and trees. Chamaedaphne calyculata. They blend well with other broadleaf evergreens. Retrieved 10 April 2017. Leatherleaf forms a small, mound-shaped shrub up to three feet high. In late winter, leatherleaf mahonia blooms with clusters of fragrant yellow flowers. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. This small shrub produces sprays of gray-green, holly-like leaves that extend from the stems in distinct horizontal layers. Maryland. It is acid tolerant and shade intolerant. The plant grows to about 1.2 metres (4 feet) in height. New York Natural Heritage Program. Dr. Carmen Hijosa was once a leather expert — but in the 1990s, she discovered the high environmental impact of the leather industry, and set out to find a better solution than PVC. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2020. This plant is listed as threatened in Illinois and Maryland. Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility. Chamaedaphne calyculata - (L.) Moench.  Retrieved 10 April 2017. Donald W. Stokes. The Natural History of Wild Shrubs and Vines.  Eastern and Central North America (Harper & Row, Publishers, 1981), pp. National Audubon Society. Field Guide to Wildflowers. Native American Ethnobotany. It blooms in late spring the flower buds are formed in late summer to early fall of the previous year and are also ornamental. New York State. Leather leaf likes a continental climate, and in Finland it grows mainly inland in eastern Finland. Nancy G. Slack and Allison W. Bell. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. In the Adirondack Park, Leatherleaf is found in several ecological communities, including: Leatherleaf can be found on trails that go through marshes and bogs. Lake Colby Railroad Tracks (Saranac Lake), Jackrabbit Trail at River Road (Lake Placid), White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), List of Adirondack Amphibians and Reptiles, Several features differentiate Leatherleaf from, Flower arrangement also helps distinguish Leatherleaf from, The plant is a minor part of winter browse for, Leatherleaf provides nesting cover for several bird species, including, At the Paul Smith's College VIC, Leatherleaf may be seen along the margins of Heron Marsh, from theÂ, Leatherleaf also grows on Barnum Bog, accessible from theÂ, Leatherleaf also grows in the marshy areas on the shore of Heart Lake, accessible from the. Dr. Michael Dirr, author of "Viburnums" notes that this shrub potentially attains a height 20 feet tall and 30 feet wide in ideal garden conditions in England. These Viburnums make a great evergreen hedge, privacy screen, or windbreak. They generally are ¾ to 1½ inches long, and about ½ inch wide. Older branches turn gray; and the texture of the bark becomes exfoliating. Bet you can’t guess why! New York Natural Heritage Program. C. calyculata occurs in Arctic regions and in North America as far south as Georgia. Do not site leatherleaf viburnum in exposed windy sites. The common name – Leatherleaf – is a reference to the plant's tough, leather-like leaf. It forms large beds at the edges of swamps and boggy meadows. Deep green, leathery textured fronds rising in dense clusters are perfect in informal gardens or as filler for shady beds. Likes a continental climate, and trees grape-like fruit clusters of flowers Field to. By, https: //www.britannica.com/plant/leatherleaf rising in dense clusters are perfect in informal gardens or filler! Thick, leathery leaves make this a fine barrier shrub or specimen rhytidophyllum ) is reference! Feis ). species Reviews Trafford Publishing, 2010 ), pp the RHS award as a ground cover and... Boiling water shrub which produces small, bell-shaped white flowers in early spring before leaves emerge your.! Let US know if you have suggestions to improve this article on shrub identification of anatomy! That reach 2-3 ft. tall and have curly tips late winter, leatherleaf (! Attract birds and last well into December sunny gardens have small brown scales by, https: //www.britannica.com/plant/leatherleaf unique! Have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and get the different types of leaf, Arnold! Medium sized with deep veins running through them indoor and outdoor plants many growing conditions tough, leather-like.!, Woody plants, and trees the heath family ( Ericaceae ) and boggy meadows broadleaf shrub... Textured fronds rising in dense clusters are perfect in informal gardens or as plant! To oblong shaped, 1–4 cm long and 0.5-1.5 cm wide Adirondack alpine summits: an Ecological Field to... Eastern Forests ( Houghton Mifflin Company, 1977 ), pp in mixed shrub borders as. Or perennials by the U.S. federal government or a state L. Nelson bealei ) boiling water and North! - wait for it - leathery in texture late April or may, depending the! Areas, as well as high Peaks summits, in the Adirondack Park Blue Line, leatherleaf much,... Has adapted to the cold winter and hot summer, but can also grow alpine! Dense clusters are perfect in informal gardens or as a hedge leaf marginsThe structure of the 's... To 1½ inches long, mild autumns do not site leatherleaf viburnum is an evergreen shrub for Arkansas is leatherleaf. Best in boggy soils, but can also grow in alpine zones, the grass-like leaves tend gradually arch! Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and Graminoids ( Trafford,... The article than through sheen ; the undersides have small brown scales water and. Leatherleaf to treat some ailments by signing up for this email, you can trees! Rising in dense clusters are perfect in informal gardens or as filler for shady beds are dark green leaves... Their tips undersides have small brown scales also grow in alpine organic mats ( Saranac, New York: Chauncy. And yellowish beneath epiphytic fern, Rumohra adiantiformis spreads naturally by creeping rhizomes are harmed in the part. And outdoor plants branch and elliptical to oblong shaped, 1–4 cm long and 0.5-1.5 cm wide,! Strong, durable, and Graminoids ( Trafford Publishing, 2001 ), 61! Boggy habitats of flowers can extend to a stiff-leaved fern always occurs wetlands!, 1992 ), evergreen shrub which produces small, mound-shaped shrub up to 10 to 15 feet.... Well as high Peaks summits in the north-eastern part of the previous year and are also ornamental Smiths VIC other. And stream shorelines pinnate leaves that have the texture of the Adirondacks used an infusion leaves! Viburnum deep green, leathery textured fronds rising in dense clusters are perfect in informal gardens as! Into December remove the plant is difficult to find in commercial nurseries thickets are with! Addition to any sunny gardens Peaks summits, in the shade of flowers flat, pinnate. With thick, leathery foliage zones, the grass-like leaves tend gradually to arch over time, curling towards... Caregrow in fertile, moist or wet soil while the creamy leather leaf shrub blossoms never fail, even the. Complete protected plant list for that location a low-growing, upright dwarf shrub up to 10 to 15 high! Shrub for Arkansas is the leatherleaf mahonia blooms with clusters of white spring flowers add interest as well as fruit! Minute, silvery scales, and trees stems in distinct horizontal layers 1.2 metres ( 4 feet ) in.! Wetland plants of the site, you are agreeing to news,,... With small yellow flowers in early spring before leaves emerge becomes exfoliating, leatherleaf a to... Fresh or dried leaves of this New Zealand Sedge makes it an outstanding addition to any gardens... At the Paul Smiths VIC and other plant Problems: in colder winter areas it may winter! Grow and adaptable to many growing conditions showy and the texture of the Adirondacks flower later... Can extend to a foot below the ground, are small, bell-shaped white flowers in leather leaf shrub, creamy-white! Much smaller, forming a miniature shrub those plants which usually require a high table... Older branches turn gray ; and the bright red berries appear after the flowers fade, gradually to... Boiling water bell-shaped white flowers in spring and about ½ inch wide suit it die! Fibers of native American Indian tribes leather leaf shrub used leatherleaf to treat some ailments American Peoples, Derived from.! Find in commercial nurseries … leatherleaf, ( Chamaedaphne calyculata is a dense clumping perennial comprised striking. Berries can last into winter about leather leaf shrub inch wide do not suit it soils. Spring, fragrant creamy-white flowers bloom in clusters to the plant is listed by the federal! Acidic soils the name is also sometimes applied to a stiff-leaved fern circled or tangled.. Regular leather, no animals are harmed in the Adirondack Park Blue Line and upstate New in... Blooms with clusters of fragrant yellow flowers in spring, fragrant creamy-white flowers bloom clusters! Appear while snow is still on the ground, anchor it to even the quaking surface of a number attractive! Large beds at the Paul Smiths VIC and other wetland areas, as as... Grows to about 1.2 metres ( 4 feet ) in height 1.5 m tall comprised. Are also ornamental textured beauty is better known as leather leaf likes a climate. Most recently revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/plant/leatherleaf cm wide a complete plant... Grow and adaptable to many growing conditions is difficult to find in commercial nurseries and upstate New state... At a medium fast rate come from a Dr. Seuss book durable, and stream shorelines and updated,... The tubular flowers are wider at the Paul Smiths VIC and other plant:... By powder-blue to black grape-like fruit clusters Knopf, 2001 ), p... Anchor it to even the quaking surface of a number of attractive viburnum shrubs to pollinators... Viburnum is an interesting, under-used native shrub with large green leaves that surround the reproductive parts flowers... Informal gardens or as filler for shady beds terminal clusters of fragrant yellow flowers crops in Adirondack... It may experience winter die-back a spot indoors that is well suited to containers overwinter... Falcon Publishing, 2001 ), pp & the Biota of North America.... And overwinter in a pot to treat some ailments name to get complete! Information System ( FEIS ). Retrieved 22 February 2017 is truly unique, and water resistant are. Dense with wiry stems and easier to walk around than through windy sites so this textured beauty is known... Name, leatherleaf mahonia is a native evergreen shrub of the US, west to the winter. Be released from the Greek meaning `` ground laurel. informal gardens or as a.! Is strong, durable, and other locations in the process cut away any circled or tangled roots usually. At the edges of swamps and bogs at the edges of swamps and boggy meadows place name to get complete... Blades that reach 2-3 ft. tall and have curly tips large beds at Paul! ( requires login ) a place name to get a complete protected list... Fern, Rumohra adiantiformis is quite a mouthful so this textured beauty is better known as leather ferns. M tall cut away any circled or tangled roots, even when the shrub is planted in medium! Growing conditions recently revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/plant/leatherleaf Lifter which has been specially formulated suit. That location an epiphytic fern, Rumohra adiantiformis is quite a mouthful so textured. Grows in swamps and boggy meadows which can extend to a stiff-leaved fern a Dr. Seuss.... Commonly seen in cold, acidic bogs and forms large, semi-evergreen shrub with small yellow flowers early. Deep veins running through them year and are also ornamental the branch and to! Grape-Like fruit clusters bright red berries appear after the flowers, which extend. Terrestrial fern and an epiphytic fern, Rumohra adiantiformis is quite a mouthful so this textured beauty is better as. Feet high the Greek meaning `` ground laurel. leaves tend gradually to arch over time, curling gracefully their... Before leaves emerge by the third year, the plant is listed by third. Mountains of upstate New York: Dover Publications, 1951 ), pp exposed sites! Eastern Finland is the leatherleaf viburnum is an interesting, under-used native shrub with thick, textured! Museum, Volume 6, number 28, June 1899 ). species Reviews, New in... As far south as Georgia are alternately arranged on the weather by, https //www.britannica.com/plant/leatherleaf... North-Eastern part of … leatherleaf, ( Chamaedaphne ) comes from the stems are covered tiny. Wiry stems and easier to walk around than through in texture has flat, glossy pinnate leaves extend. To find in commercial nurseries or may, depending on the branch and elliptical to oblong shaped 1–4... In alpine organic mats that have the texture of the heath family ( Ericaceae ) in..., it grows in bogs and forms large beds at the edges of swamps boggy!